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  • Writer's pictureHealthwatch West Berkshire

Understanding Thyroid Health: What to Look Out For.

January is Thyroid Health awareness month.

What is your thyroid gland, and where is it?

The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck, and despite its size, it plays a crucial role in maintaining overall health. This gland produces hormones that regulate various bodily functions, including metabolism, energy production, and temperature. When the thyroid functions properly, the body operates smoothly. However, thyroid disorders can disrupt this balance, leading to a range of symptoms that should not be ignored.

image of butterfly shaped thryoid gland in the front of the neck

The Thyroid and its Functions:

The thyroid gland produces two main hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which influence metabolism and energy levels throughout the body. The release of these hormones is controlled by the pituitary gland, which produces thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). Together, these components create a feedback loop that maintains the delicate balance of thyroid function.

Common Thyroid Disorders:


Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. This condition can lead to fatigue, weight gain, cold sensitivity, dry skin, and depression.

Other symptoms may include muscle weakness, joint pain, and constipation.


Hyperthyroidism is characterized by an overproduction of thyroid hormones. This can result in symptoms such as weight loss, rapid heart rate, anxiety, irritability, and heat sensitivity.

Individuals with hyperthyroidism may also experience muscle weakness, trembling hands, and difficulty sleeping.


A goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland, often visible as a swelling in the neck. It can be a result of both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

In some cases, a goiter may cause difficulty swallowing or breathing.

Signs and Symptoms to Watch For:


Persistent fatigue that doesn't improve with rest may indicate a thyroid disorder.

Weight Changes:

Unexplained weight gain or loss could be a sign of thyroid dysfunction.

Mood Swings:

Mood disturbances such as depression, anxiety, or irritability may be linked to thyroid imbalances.

Changes in Heart Rate:

An unusually fast or slow heart rate may suggest thyroid issues.

Hair and Skin Changes:

Dry skin, brittle nails, and hair loss can be indicative of thyroid problems.

Menstrual Irregularities:

Irregular menstrual cycles or changes in menstrual flow may be linked to thyroid dysfunction.

Regular check-ups and awareness of potential symptoms are crucial for maintaining thyroid health. Speak to your GP if you have any concerns. Early detection and proper management of thyroid disorders can significantly improve overall well-being and prevent potential complications.

Remember that a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and regular exercise, can contribute to maintaining optimal thyroid function.

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